Laband Syndrome

Laband syndrome, also known as Zimmerman-Laband syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area and the hands and feet. Most children with this disorder have abnormally large gums (gingival fibromatosis). Overgrown gums may affect the ability to chew, swallow, and/or speak. In addition, affected infants may exhibit abnormally long, thin fingers and toes and/or deformed (dysplastic) or absent nails at birth. In some cases, mental retardation may also be present. In most cases, Laband syndrome is believed to be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. However, evidence of autosomal recessive inheritance has also been reported.


Giardiasis is an infectious disease that is caused by single-celled parasites (microorganisms) known as protozoa that belong to the Giardia lamblia family. Some individuals with giardiasis will not have any symptoms (asymptomatic). Others will have a variety of symptoms affecting the gastrointestinal tract including acute or chronic diarrhea, abdominal cramps, bloating, and a general feeling of ill health (malaise). The parasites live in the small intestines of humans and other mammals. The Giardia lamblia parasite has caused epidemics in certain parts of the United States where animals such as beavers contaminated drinking water by excreting the parasite through their feces. The Giardia lamblia cysts can survive in cold water for several months.

Larsen Syndrome

Larsen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that has been associated with a wide variety of different symptoms. Characteristic findings of the disorder include dislocations of the large joints, skeletal malformations, and distinctive facial features. Additional findings may include abnormal curvature of the spine, clubfoot, short stature, and breathing (respiratory) difficulties. The classic form of Larsen syndrome is caused by mutations of the FLNB gene. The mutation may occur spontaneously or be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.

Laser Surgery for Warts

Laser surgery uses an intense beam of light, or laser, to burn and destroy the wart tissue. It is usually done in a doctor's office or clinic. Local or general anestheticClick here to see more information. may be used, depending on the number of wartsClick here to see more information. to be removed or the size of the area to be treated.


A laxative is a substance that helps you have a bowel movement. Laxatives are used to relieve and prevent constipation, which occurs when it is difficult to have a bowel movement.

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